What is S-X discrimination?
When you are treated differently because of your S-X and when the different treatment negatively affects the œterms or conditions of employment, it is illegal. œTerms or conditions of employment include position, pay, title, being hired or fired from a job, and advancement and training opportunities.
The gender gap at work is still alive and well according to new research that examined gender roles in the workplace.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics cites women working 41 to 44 hours per week earn 84.6% of what men working similar hours earn. It gets worse as women work longer hours ” women working more than 60 hours per week earn only 78.3% of what men in the same time category earn.
Ways of Gender Discrimination Affects Women in their Workplace.
The Civil Rights Act, enacted in 1964, forbids gender discrimination in the workplace and retaliation on the part of employers against those who report such discrimination. Despite this, all evidence indicates that gender discrimination in the workplace persists in the 21st century. Gender discrimination affects women in the workplace in myriad ways, from negatively impacting career advancement and quality of life to creating a general culture hostile toward nontraditional management personnel.
S-X Discrimination is Against the Law
The federal law prohibiting S-Xual discrimination in the workplace is Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. Title VII applies to private employers, state and local government employers, labor organizations, employment agencies, and joint employer-union apprenticeship programs with 15 or more employees.
The federal law protecting students from S-X discrimination is Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972. The law applies to academic, extra-curricular, research, occupational training, and other educational programs from pre-school through graduate school that receive or benefit from federal financial funding. There are some educational institutions that are not covered by Title IX, even if they do receive federal funding, including some religious organizations, military training schools; and university fraternities and sororities.
I know we just had Equal Pay Day, and I know I’ve written about Equal Pay Day twice in the last week. But I’m going to remind you, dear readers, one more time (and let’s be honest, it probably won’t be the last time) about the Paycheck Fairness Act. Read more about it here and here and then urge your representatives to pass it. The National Women’s Law Center has a super easy form you can fill out and send. And if you’re curious about the wage gap in your state, check out the AAUW’s state-by-state map.